Can a pregnant woman get diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar , levels are too high. When you are pregnant , high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby. About seven out of every pregnant women in the United States get gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that happens for the first time when a woman is pregnant.
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Causes of gestational diabetes
Has your doctor diagnosed you with gestational diabetes GD or GDM , a form of diabetes that appears only during pregnancy? While it might feel overwhelming at first, it turns out that this pregnancy complication is much more common than you might think. Know that with careful monitoring and treatment, it can be managed, and you can have a safe and healthy pregnancy.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the body's metabolism of fats and carbs and helps the body turn sugar into energy. Gestational diabetes is when hormones from the placenta block insulin, preventing the body from regulating the increased blood sugar of pregnancy effectively. This causes hyperglycemia or high levels of sugar in the blood , which can damage the nerves, blood vessels and organs in your body.
In addition, the U. Around week 28 of pregnancy, your practitioner will give you a glucose screening test , where you'll drink a sugary liquid and have your blood drawn an hour later. If your bloodwork picks up high sugar levels, your doctor will have you take a three-hour glucose tolerance test to determine whether you have gestational diabetes. With proper treatment and regular monitoring by your practitioner, gestational diabetes can be managed and is not harmful to you or your baby.
But if GDM is not treated, and excessive sugar circulates in a mother's blood and the baby's, the potential problems for both mother and baby are serious. Women who have uncontrolled GDM are at risk for having a too-large baby a condition called macrosomia , making delivery more difficult and C-section more likely. They are also at risk for preeclampsia and stillbirth.
And because gestational diabetes is considered a pregnancy complication, pregnant women who have it may be more likely to be induced, since most doctors won't let their pregnancies progress past their due dates. Uncontrolled diabetes could also lead to potential problems for the baby after birth, such as jaundice, breathing difficulties and low blood sugar levels. Later in life, he or she may be at an increased risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes.
But if you're overweight, don't eat a well-balanced diet or don't routinely exercise, adopting a few healthy habits can make a big difference. And with enough repetition, they'll eventually require less conscious effort to maintain. The following steps can have a big impact on reducing your risk of developing both gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes, both before you conceive and during your pregnancy:.
Fortunately, you can eliminate virtually all of the potential risks associated with diabetes in pregnancy by carefully controlling your blood sugar levels. It can be given in shots, though the oral drug glyburide a diabetes medication that helps the pancreas produce insulin is being prescribed more and more often for GDM.
Here are a few ways to stay healthy post-birth:. Babies who are born to mothers with gestational diabetes should be tested for low blood sugar hypoglycemia , even if they have no symptoms, with a simple blood test after birth. This happens immediately after delivery, while you and baby are still in the hospital.
Teach your child good eating and exercise habits early on: If you had gestational diabetes, your baby could be at a higher risk for health problems, including obesity as a child or teen and an increased risk for type 2 diabetes later in life, according to the CDC. The educational health content on What To Expect is reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts to be up-to-date and in line with the latest evidence-based medical information and accepted health guidelines, including the medically reviewed What to Expect books by Heidi Murkoff.
You have a family history. If diabetes runs in the family, you may be more at risk of GDM. You have a personal history of GDM. If you had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, research suggests you're more likely to have it again in a subsequent pregnancy.
You received a pre-diabetes diagnosis. You have been put on bed rest. What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes? Most women with have gestational diabetes have no symptoms, though a few may experience: Continue Reading Below.
More About a Healthy Pregnancy Diet. Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy. View Sources. March of Dimes, Gestational Diabetes , Mayo Clinic, Fetal macrosomia , May Your Health. Pregnancy Groups. Second Trimester. Jump to Your Week of Pregnancy. How to Have a Virtual Baby Shower.
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Can You Have a Safe Pregnancy If You Have Type 2 Diabetes?
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. They will advise you about what to do.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy gestation. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar glucose. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby's health. While any pregnancy complication is concerning, there's good news.
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Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. This is called insulin resistance. For some people with type 2 diabetes, this can be managed with healthy lifestyle and diet changes, but others might need medication or insulin to help maintain appropriate blood glucose levels. If you have type 2 diabetes, you can still have a healthy pregnancy — but there are some things to consider to reduce possible risks and ensure that you and your baby are healthy. Be honest and discuss:. Your OB-GYN might recommend that you meet with a maternal-fetal medicine specialist MFM , a doctor that specializes in mothers with chronic health conditions or high-risk pregnancies. Your doctor might want you to implement some things before you get pregnant. Losing weight or changing your diet can help stabilize your glucose levels before conceiving. Depending on your overall health and how well your diabetes is controlled, your doctor might recommend you wait to conceive or give you the go-ahead to try. You should also discuss your ideal level of blood sugar control for pregnancy, which can be stricter than typical blood sugar goals.
Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy
Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.
Has your doctor diagnosed you with gestational diabetes GD or GDM , a form of diabetes that appears only during pregnancy? While it might feel overwhelming at first, it turns out that this pregnancy complication is much more common than you might think. Know that with careful monitoring and treatment, it can be managed, and you can have a safe and healthy pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the body's metabolism of fats and carbs and helps the body turn sugar into energy.
Diabetes in Pregnancy
Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies, usually in the second half of the pregnancy. It almost always goes away as soon as your baby is born.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Risks of a Diabetic Pregnancy
Back to Health A to Z. Gestational diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby during pregnancy and after birth. But the risks can be reduced if the condition is detected early and well managed. They will advise you about what to do. Find out more about pregnancy and coronavirus.
Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition in which the body can't make enough insulin, or can't use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone. This leads to high blood sugar hyperglycemia. High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart.
If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes. Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes.