What does a female urethra look like
Urethral duplication UD in females is a rare congenital anomaly and requires a high degree of clinical suspicion for diagnosis. The preoperative evaluation requires thorough investigations to delineate anatomy which is imperative for surgical reconstruction to provide excellent functional and cosmetic outcome. We describe the successful management of a 6-year-old girl with UD presented as ambiguous genitalia and urinary incontinence along with a review of pertinent literature. Urethral duplication UD is a rare congenital anomaly and is characterized by two urethras, which may be either partial or complete. The UD anatomy is different in males and females and hence the surgical management. The male UD divided into three types according to Effman's classification.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Female Bladder Leakage: Solutions to Get Control - UCLA Obstetrics & Gynecology
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The urethra is a part of the renal system. The kidneys , ureters, and bladder are also part of this system. The renal system is responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating liquid waste in the form of urine.
The urethra is closely linked with the reproductive organs, so the anatomy of the urethra is different between males and females. The female urethra begins at the bottom of the bladder, known as the neck. It extends downward, through the muscular area of the pelvic floor. Before reaching the urethral opening, urine passes through the urethral sphincter. The urethra opens into the vestibule, the area between the labia minora.
The urethral opening sits just in front of the vaginal opening. The urethra is lined by a layer of cells called the epithelium. Glands within the urethra produce mucus.
This mucus helps protect the epithelium against damage from corrosive urine. The female urethra is significantly shorter than the male urethra.
This means that females often have a higher risk of developing urinary tract infections UTIs. Urethritis refers to inflammation of the urethra. Urethritis sometimes develops in response to a recent urinary procedure or placement of a catheter.
Bacteria can spread from the anus to the urethra, especially if you wipe back to front after going to the bathroom. In addition, sexually transmitted infections STIs can cause urethritis.
These include:. If a surgery or catheter placement is causing urethritis, it usually resolves on its own over time.
However, urethritis due to an infection requires treatment with antibiotics or antiviral medication. Sometimes the urethra narrows or becomes blocked. This is known as urethral stricture. Males are more likely to develop urethral stricture because of their longer urethras, but it can affect females as well. An injury often causes urethral stricture, such as an accident or surgery. Infections, including STIs, can also cause it.
Urethral cancer is one of the rarer types of cancer. It can rapidly spread to surrounding tissues in the bladder and vagina. It may not cause any symptoms in its early stages. However, urethral cancer can eventually result in:. Risk factors include:. Treatment for urethral cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of all three. Urethral syndrome is a condition that causes symptoms similar to those of a UTI. The main symptom of urethral syndrome is chronic pain in the pelvis and urinary tract.
In some cases, the pain is constant. In others, certain things, including exercise, allergies, or exposure to irritants, can trigger it. Exercise or physical therapy programs may be helpful in treating urethral syndrome. Avoiding scented soaps, perfumes, or bath oils may also help. For urethral syndrome linked to allergies or food sensitivities, eliminating the following may relieve symptoms:. A urethral caruncle is a benign mass found in the urethra, usually occurring after menopause.
However, some people might notice pain when urinating or bleeding from the urethra. Large urethral caruncles can be surgically removed. Otherwise, topical anti-inflammatories or estrogen creams can help. Contact your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they last for more than a day or two. Drink plenty of water to help flush out bacteria and other pathogens from the urinary tract. Aim to drink six to eight glasses of water every day.
Cranberries and blueberries may prevent bacteria from attaching to the lining of the urinary tract. They also contain vitamin C, which results in more acidic urine. Avoid wiping back to front after going to the bathroom. Doing so can spread bacteria from your anal area to your urethra. See your doctor for regular Pap smears , pelvic exams , and STI tests. These can all help identify STIs and some cancers earlier.
The earlier a condition is diagnosed, the easier they are to treat. Use protection , such as condoms, when having sex. Make sure to ask new sexual partners about their STI history. Stay away from scented sprays, douches, or other personal care products.
These can irritate the urethra. Bacteria thrive in warm, moist environments. Wearing loose garments and breathable cotton underwear helps remove extra moisture. What does a urologist do, and when should you see one? Here's what you should know before making an appointment. If you experience discomfort in your genital area or when you urinate, you may have an infection. Urinary tract infections and yeast infections…. Can you have sex with a urinary tract infection? Sure — but it may worsen your symptoms, cause your UTI to last longer, and even spread the infection….
This can cause it to…. Is treating a UTI without antibiotics possible? Because of antibiotic resistance, more and more women are seeking out alternative treatments for UTIs…. The female urethra is a small tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body during urination. We'll go over the structure and function….
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One man shares how - and why - he learned to meditate even though he…. Experts answer your most pressing questions and explain how Medicare for All could change healthcare in America. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that's needed to build cells. Human body Female urethra Female Urethra Overview. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Anatomy and function Diagram Female urethra conditions Symptoms of a urethral condition Health tips What is the female urethra? Anatomy and function of the female urethra.
Female urethra conditions. Symptoms of a urethral condition. Tips for a healthy urethra. Read this next. Faces of Healthcare — What Is a Urologist? Female Urethra Overview. How to Fall Asleep in 10, 60, or Seconds.
Urethritis occurs when the urethra is red and swollen inflamed. The urethra is the tube that passes urine from the bladder to outside the body. The urethra can get swollen and cause burning pain when you urinate. You may also have pain with sex. It can cause pain in the belly abdomen or pelvis.
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Female Urethral Duplication: Rare Anomaly with Unusual Presentation
In human females and other primates , the urethra connects to the urinary meatus above the vagina , [ citation needed ] whereas in marsupials , the female's urethra empties into the urogenital sinus. Females use their urethra only for urinating, but males use their urethra for both urination and ejaculation. There is inadequate data for the typical length of the male urethra; however, a study of men showed an average length of In the human female, the urethra is about 1. The meatus is located below the clitoris. It is placed behind the symphysis pubis , embedded in the anterior wall of the vagina, and its direction is obliquely downward and forward; it is slightly curved with the concavity directed forward. The urethra consists of three coats: muscular, erectile, and mucous, the muscular layer being a continuation of that of the bladder. Between the superior and inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm , the female urethra is surrounded by the urethral sphincter.
Female Urology and External Sexual Anatomy
The urethra is a part of the renal system. The kidneys , ureters, and bladder are also part of this system. The renal system is responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating liquid waste in the form of urine. The urethra is closely linked with the reproductive organs, so the anatomy of the urethra is different between males and females. The female urethra begins at the bottom of the bladder, known as the neck.
Urethra , duct that transmits urine from the bladder to the exterior of the body during urination. The urethra is held closed by the urethral sphincter, a muscular structure that helps keep urine in the bladder until voiding can occur. Because the urethra is anatomically linked with the reproductive structures, its characteristics in males are quite different from those in females. At its emergence from the bladder, the urethra passes through the prostate gland , and seminal ducts from the testes enter the urethra at each side, making it the pathway for the transmission of semen as well as for the discharge of urine.
Female Urethra Overview
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In both men and women, the urology system is the part of the body that deals with urination. It doesn't take a doctor to know that the urology-related anatomy of men and women look very different, at least from the outside. However, internally, they are similar—the kidneys of both men and women, for example, look and function the same for both genders. But we also differ in some ways, too—women have much shorter ureters the tube that connects your bladder to your urethra and therefore are at greater risk of bladder infections. This article breaks it down into steps. The urology system starts with the kidneys.
What are Benign Urethral Lesions in Adults?
Finding the urethra and avoiding UTIs are two common problems encountered by female catheter users. Because the urethral opening is small, it is hard to see or feel it, and it is prone to be infected. It is also very prone to be infected. The urethra is a tube that connects the neck of your bladder to the urethral opening on your external genitals , where urine exits the body. It is part of the urinary tract system that in descending order includes the kidneys , ureters, bladder, and the urethra.